As evident from various instances, the education system of India was being pointed out to be the worst by various reformers in India and around the world as well.
Amid such allegations, the government of India have realised the need to change in the Education Policy Of India.
In this post, you will read about the New Education Policy Announced By Government Of India.
Scroll to the bottom to New Education Policy 2020 PDF Download.
New Education Policy 2020: Main Points Of Reform
- 10+2 board structure is dropped
- New school structure will be 5+3+3+4
- Upto 5 pre school, 6 to 8 Mid School, 8 to 11 High School , 12 onwards Graduation
- Any Degree will be 4 years
- 6th std onwards vocational courses available
- From 8th to 11 students can choose subjects
- All graduation course will have major and minor
Example – science student can have Physics as Major and Music as minor also. Any combination he can choose
- All higher education will be governed by only one authority.
- UGC AICTE will be merged.
- All University government, private, Open, Deemed, Vocational etc will have same grading and other rules.
- New Teacher Training board will be setup for all kinds of teachers in country, no state can change
- Same level of Accreditation to any collage , based on its rating collage will get autonomous rights and funds.
- New Basic learning program will be created by government for parents to teach children upto 3 years in home and for pre school 3 to 6
- Multiple entry and exit from any course
- Credit system for graduation for each year student will get some credits which he can utilize if he takes break in course and come back again to complete course
- All schools exams will be semester wise twise a year
- The syllabus will be reduced to core knowledge of any subject only
- More focus on student practical and application knowledge
- For any graduation course if student complete only one year he will get a basic certificate, if he complete two years then he will get Diploma certificate and if he complete full course then he will get degree certificate. So no year of any student will ve vested if he break the course in between.
20.All the graduation course feed of all Universities will be govern by single authority with capping on each course.
Now we can hope our education system will be at par with modern countries and future of our children will be bright.
NEW SALIENT FEATURES OF NEP 2020: SCHOOL EDUCATION
- NEW PEDAGOGICAL AND CURRICULAR STRUCTURE
• The extant 10+2 structure in school education will be modified with a new pedagogical and
curricular restructuring of 5+3+3+4 covering ages 3-18.
• Currently, children in the age group of 3-6 are not covered in the 10+2 structure as Class 1
begins at age 6. In the new 5+3+3+4 structure, a strong base of Early Childhood Care and
Education (ECCE) from age 3 is also included.
• Universal provisioning of quality early childhood development, care, and education must thus
be achieved as soon as possible, and no later than 2030, to ensure that all students entering
Grade 1 are school ready. (Para 1.1)
• The overarching goal will be to ensure universal access to high-quality ECCE across the
country in a phased manner. (Para 1.4)
• A concerted national effort will be made to ensure universal access and afford opportunity to
all children of the country to obtain quality holistic education–including vocational education
- from pre-school to Grade 12. (para 3.2)
• The standard-setting/regulatory framework and the facilitating systems for school regulation,
accreditation, and governance shall be reviewed to enable improvements on the basis of the
learnings and experiences gained in the last decade. This review will aim to ensure that all
students, particularly students from underprivileged and disadvantaged sections, shall have
universal, free and compulsory access to high-quality and equitable schooling from early
childhood care and education (age 3 onwards) through higher secondary education (i.e., until
Grade 12). (para 8.8)
- EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND EDUCATION: THE FOUNDATION OF LEARNING
• Universal provisioning of quality early childhood development, care, and education must be
achieved as soon as possible, and no later than 2030.
• The overall aim of ECCE will be to attain optimal outcomes in the domains of: physical and
motor development, cognitive development, socio-emotional-ethical development,
cultural/artistic development, and the development of communication and early language,
literacy, and numeracy.
• A National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education
(NCPFECCE) for children up to the age of 8 will be developed by NCERT
• The numerous rich local traditions of India developed over millennia in ECCE involving art,
stories, poetry, games, songs, and more, will also be suitably incorporated.
• ECCE shall be delivered through a significantly expanded and strengthened system of earlychildhood education institutions consisting of the following:
• stand-alone Anganwadis;
• Anganwadis co-located with primary schools;
• pre-primary schools/sections covering at least age 5 to 6 years colocated with existing primary schools; and
• stand-alone pre-schools
• All of above would have workers/teachers specially trained in the curriculum and pedagogy of
• For universal access to ECCE, Anganwadi Centres will be strengthened.
• Prior to the age of 5 every child will move to a “Preparatory Class” or “Balavatika” (that is,
before Class 1), which has an ECCE-qualified teacher.
• Training of current Anganwadi workers/teachers: those with qualifications of 10+2 and above
shall be given a 6-month certificate programme in ECCE; and those with lower educational
qualifications shall be given a one-year diploma programme
• These programmes may be run through digital/distance mode allowing teachers to acquire
ECCE qualifications with minimal disruption to their current work.
• ECCE curriculum: The planning and implementation of early childhood care and education
curriculum will be carried out jointly by the Ministries of HRD, Women and Child
Development (WCD), Health and Family Welfare (HFW), and Tribal Affairs.
- FOUNDATIONAL LITERACY AND NUMERACY: AN URGENT & NECESSARY
PREREQUISITE TO LEARNING
• A National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy will be set up by the Ministry of
Human Resource Development (MHRD) on priority.
• All State/UT governments will prepare an implementation plan for attaining universal
foundational literacy and numeracy in all primary schools for all learners by grade 3 to be
achieved by 2025.
• Teachers will be trained to impart foundational literacy and numeracy.
• To ensure that all students are school ready, an interim 3-month play-based ‘school preparation
module’ for all Grade 1 students will be developed by NCERT and SCERTs.
• A national repository of high-quality resources on foundational literacy and numeracy will be
made available on the Digital Infrastructure for Knowledge Sharing (DIKSHA).
• States to consider establishing innovative models to foster peer-tutoring and volunteer
activities, etc. for promoting foundational literacy and numeracy.
• Public and school libraries will be significantly expanded, and digital libraries will also be
• A National Book Promotion Policy will be formulated.
• The nutrition and health (including mental health) of children will be addressed, through
healthy meals and regular health check-ups, and health cards will be issued to monitor the
- CURTAILING DROPOUT RATES AND ENSURING UNIVERSAL ACCESS TO EDUCATION AT ALL LEVELS
• Two initiatives for above:
o no school remains deficient on infrastructure support from pre-primary school to
Grade 12 and alternative and innovative education centres to ensure that children of
migrant labourers, and other children who are dropping out of school due to various
circumstances are brought back into mainstream education.
o achieve universal participation in school by carefully tracking students, as well as their
• Counsellors or well-trained social workers connected to schools/school complexes
• Scope of school education will be broadened to facilitate multiple pathways to learning
involving both formal and non-formal education modes.
• NIOS and State Open Schools will also offer A, B and C levels that are equivalent to Grades
3, 5, and 8 of the formal school system; secondary education programs that are equivalent to
Grades 10 and 12; vocational education courses/programs; and adult literacy and lifeenrichment programs.
• States encouraged to develop these in regional languages by establishing new/strengthening
existing State Institutes of Open Schooling (SIOS).
• The focus will be to have less emphasis on input and greater emphasis on output potential
concerning desired learning outcomes.
• Efforts to involve community: Databases of literate volunteers, retired
scientists/government/semi government employees, alumni, and educators will be created for
- RESTRUCTURING SCHOOL CURRICULUM AND PEDAGOGY IN A NEW 5+3+3+4 DESIGN
• The curricular and pedagogical structure of school education: guided by a 5+3+3+4 design
corresponding to the age ranges of 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years, respectively.
• No parallel changes to physical infrastructure will be required.
• It will consist of:
o Foundational Stage (in two parts, that is, 3 years of Anganwadi/pre-school + 2 years
in primary school in Grades 1-2; both together covering ages 3-8): with flexible,
multilevel, play/activity-based learning and the curriculum and pedagogy of ECCE.
o Preparatory Stage (Grades 3-5, covering ages 8-11): with the introduction
Experiential learning across the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and
o Middle Stage (Grades 6-8, covering ages 11-14): with a subject-oriented pedagogical
and curricular style.
o Secondary Stage (Grades 9-12 in two phases, i.e., 9 and 10 in the first and 11 and 12
in the second, covering ages 14-18) : with greater depth, greater critical thinking,
greater attention to life aspirations, and greater flexibility and student choice of
subjects, and option to exit at grade 10 and re-enter at a later stage in grade 11.
- HOLISTIC DEVELOPMENT OF LEARNERS
• Overall thrust of curriculum and pedagogy reform to move towards real understanding and
learning how to learn – and away from the culture of rote learning
• Aim of education will not only be cognitive development, but also building character and
creating holistic and well-rounded individuals equipped with the key 21st century skills.
• Specific sets of skills and values across domains will be identified for integration and
incorporation at each stage of learning, from pre-school to higher education.
- REDUCTION IN CURRICULUM CONTENT TO ENHANCE ESSENTIAL LEARNING AND CRITICAL THINKING
• Curriculum content will be reduced in each subject to its core essentials, and make space for
critical thinking and more holistic, inquiry-based, discovery-based, discussion-based, and
• The mandated content will focus on key concepts, ideas, applications, and problem-solving.
• Teaching and learning will be conducted in a more interactive manner
- EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING
• In all stages, experiential learning will be adopted
• Will include hands-on learning, arts-integrated and sports-integrated education, story-tellingbased pedagogy, among others, as standard pedagogy
• Classroom transactions will shift, towards competency-based learning and education.
• The assessment tools (including assessment “as”, “of”, and “for” learning) will be aligned with
the learning outcomes, capabilities, and dispositions as specified for each subject of a given
- NO HARD SEPARATION
• Students will be given increased flexibility and choice of subjects to study, particularly in
secondary school – including subjects in physical education, the arts and crafts, and vocational
• There will be no hard separation among ‘curricular’, ‘extracurricular’, or ‘co-curricular’,
among ‘arts’, ‘humanities’, and ‘sciences’, or between ‘vocational’ or ‘academic’ streams.
• Subjects such as physical education, the arts and crafts, and vocational skills, in addition to
science, humanities, and mathematics, will be incorporated throughout the school curriculum.
• Each of the four stages of school education, may consider moving towards a semester or any
other system that allows the inclusion of shorter modules
- MULTILINGUALISM AND THE POWER OF LANGUAGE
• Wherever possible, the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be the home language/mother tongue/local language/regional language.
• Thereafter, the home/local language shall continue to be taught as a language wherever possible.
• This will be followed by both public and private schools.
• High-quality textbooks, including in science, will be made available in home languages/mother
• All languages will be taught in an enjoyable and interactive style
• States may enter into bilateral agreements to hire teachers from each other
• The three-language learned by children will be the choices of States, regions, and of the
students, so long as at least two of the three languages are native to India.
• Efforts to prepare high-quality bilingual textbooks and teaching-learning materials for science
and mathematics, so that students are enabled to think and speak about the two subjects both
in their home language/mother tongue and in English.
• Indian Sign Language (ISL) will be standardized across the country, and National and State
curriculum materials developed, for use by students with hearing impairment.
- CURRICULAR INTEGRATION OF ESSENTIAL SUBJECTS, SKILLS, AND
• Certain subjects, skills, and capacities will be emphasized in school: such as, scientific temper
and evidence-based thinking; creativity and innovativeness; sense of aesthetics and art; oral
and written communication; health and nutrition; physical education, fitness, wellness, and
sports; collaboration and teamwork; problem solving and logical reasoning; vocational
exposure and skills; digital literacy, coding, and computational thinking; ethical and moral
• Introduction of contemporary subjects such as Artificial Intelligence, Design Thinking,
Holistic Health, Organic Living, Environmental Education, Global Citizenship Education
(GCED), etc. at relevant stages
• Mathematics and computational thinking to be given increased emphasis throughout school
years. Activities involving coding to be introduced in Middle Stage.
• Bagless days will be encouraged throughout the year for various types of enrichment activities
involving arts, quizzes, sports, and vocational crafts.
- NATIONAL CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK FOR SCHOOL EDUCATION (NCFSE)
• The formulation of a new and comprehensive National Curricular Framework for School
Education, NCFSE 2020-21, will be undertaken by the NCERT
• The NCFSE document shall henceforth be revisited and updated once every 5-10 years, taking
into account frontline curriculum.
- NATIONAL TEXTBOOKS WITH LOCAL CONTENT AND FLAVOUR
• All textbooks shall aim to contain the essential core material on a national level, but at the
same time contain any desired nuances and supplementary material as per local contexts and
• States will prepare their own curricula which may be based on the NCFSE prepared by NCERT
to the extent possible and prepare textbooks (which may be based on the NCERT textbook
materials to the extent possible), incorporating State flavour and material as needed.
• Concerted efforts, through suitable changes in curriculum and pedagogy, will be made to
significantly reduce the weight of school bags and textbooks.
- KNOWLEDGE OF INDIA
• Will include knowledge from ancient India to modern India as well as future aspirations
• Will be incorporated in an accurate and scientific manner throughout the school curriculum
• Indian Knowledge Systems, including tribal knowledge and indigenous and traditional
ways of learning, will be covered
• Specific courses in tribal ethno-medicinal practices, forest management, traditional
(organic) crop cultivation, natural farming, etc. will also be made available.
• Video documentaries on inspirational luminaries of India, ancient and modern, in science and
• Students will be given a logical framework for making ethical decisions at a young age.
• In later years, this would then be expanded along themes of cheating, violence, plagiarism,
littering, tolerance, equality, empathy, etc., with a view to enabling children to embrace
moral/ethical values in conducting one’s life
• Traditional Indian values and all basic human and Constitutional values will be developed in
• Excerpts from the Indian Constitution will also be considered essential reading for all students.
• Basic training in health, including preventive health, mental health, good nutrition, personal
and public hygiene, disaster response and first-aid will also be included in the curriculum, as
well as scientific explanations of the detrimental and damaging effects of alcohol, tobacco, and
- TRANSFORMING ASSESSMENT FOR STUDENT DEVELOPMENT
• All students will take school examinations in Grades 3, 5, and 8 also, which will test
achievement of basic learning outcomes, and application of knowledge in real-life situations.
• The Board exams for Grades 10 and 12 will be continued.
• Board exams will be made ‘easier’, as they will test primarily core capacities/competencies
rather than months of coaching/memorization
• Boards may over time also develop further viable models of Board Exams, such as –
annual/semester/modular Board Exams; offering all subjects beginning with mathematics, at
two levels; two parts exams or objective type and descriptive type.
• With regard to all of the above, guidelines will be prepared by NCERT, in consultation with
SCERTs, Boards of Assessment (BoAs), and PARAKH, the proposed new National
Assessment Centre etc.,
• The progress card of all students for school-based assessment will be redesigned.
• The progress card will be a holistic, 360-degree, multidimensional report that reflects in great
detail the progress and the uniqueness of each learner in the cognitive, affective, and
• The progress card will include self-assessment, peer assessment and teacher assessment
• Teachersto be prepared for a transformation in the assessmentsystem by the 2022-23 academic
• A National Assessment Centre, PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis
of Knowledge for Holistic Development) to be set up as a standard-setting body for setting
norms, standards, and guidelines for student assessment and evaluation for all recognized
• The National Testing Agency (NTA) will offer a high-quality common aptitude test, as well
as specialized common subject exams in the sciences, humanities, languages, arts, and
vocational subjects, at least twice every year for university entrance exams.
- SUPPORT FOR GIFTED STUDENTS/STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL TALENTS
• The NCERT and NCTE will develop guidelines for the education of gifted children.
• B.Ed. programmes may also allow a specialization in the education of gifted children.
• Teachers will encourage students with singular interests and/or talents in the classroom by
giving them supplementary enrichment material and guidance.
• Olympiads and competitions in various subjects will be conducted across the country.
• Online apps with quizzes, competitions, assessments, enrichment materials, and online
communities for shared interests will be developed as group activities.
• Schools will develop smart classrooms, in a phased manner.
- TEACHERS RECRUITMENT AND DEPLOYMENT
• Transfers will be conducted through an online computerized system that ensures transparency.
• Teacher Eligibility Tests (TETs) will be strengthened and extended to cover pre-primary to
grade 12 teachers, in both public and private schools.
• For subject teachers, suitable TET or NTA test scores along with a classroom demonstration
will be utilized for recruitment.
• A technology-based comprehensive teacher-requirement planning forecasting exercise will be
conducted by each State to assess expected subject-wise teacher vacancies over the next two
- CONTINUOUS PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT (CPD)
• Continuous opportunities for self-improvement will be offered in multiple modes, such as,
workshops, online teacher development modules, etc.
• Each teacher will be expected to participate in at least 50 hours of CPD opportunities every
year driven by their own interests.
• School Principals will also be expected to participate in 50 hours or more of CPD modules per
year, covering leadership and management, with a focus on preparing and implementing
pedagogical plans based on competency-based education.
- PROFESSIONAL STANDARDS FOR TEACHERS
• A common guiding set of National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) will be
developed by 2022, by the NCTE.
• The standards would cover expectations of the role of the teacher at different levels of
expertise/stage, and the competencies required for that stage.
• NCTE to be restructured as a Professional Standard Setting Body (PSSB) under General
Education Council (GEC).
- SPECIAL EDUCATORS
• For subject teaching for children with disabilities/Divyang children at the Middle and
Secondary school level, specializations will be offered during or after pre-service teacher
preparation with greater synergy between the course curriculum of NCTE and RCI.
- APPROACH TO TEACHER EDUCATION
• Teacher education will gradually be moved into multidisciplinary colleges and universities by
• By 2030, the minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a 4-year integrated B.Ed.
• The 2-year B.Ed. programmes will also be offered only for those who have already obtained
Bachelor’s Degrees in other specialized subjects.
• Adapted 1-year B.Ed. programmes for those who have completed the equivalent of 4-year
multidisciplinary Bachelor ’s Degrees or who have obtained a Master’s degree in a specialty
and wish to become a subject teacher in that specialty.
• Multidisciplinary higher education institutions having accreditation for ODL may also offer
high-quality B.Ed. programmes in blended or ODL mode.
• All B.Ed. programmes will include training in time-tested as well as the most recent techniques
in pedagogy, including pedagogy with respect to foundational literacy and numeracy, multilevel teaching and evaluation, teaching children with disabilities, teaching children with special
interests or talents, use of educational technology, and learner-centered and collaborative
• Special shorter local teacher education programmes will also be available at BITEs, DIETs,
for eminent local persons who can be hired to teach at schools or school complexes as ‘master
instructors ’, for the purpose of promoting local professions, knowledge, and skills, e.g., local
art, music, agriculture, business, sports, carpentry, and other vocational crafts.
• Shorter post-B.Ed. certification courses will also be made widely available, at
multidisciplinary colleges and universities, to teachers who may wish to move into more
specialized areas of teaching.
• By 2021, a new and comprehensive National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education,
NCFTE 2021, will be formulated by the NCTE in consultation with NCERT
• The NCFTE will thereafter be revised once every 5-10 years by reflecting the changes in
revised NCFs as well as emerging needs in teacher education.
- TEACHER EDUCATION
• The Regulatory System shall be empowered to take stringent action against substandard and
dysfunctional teacher education institutions (TEIs) that do not meet basic educational criteria,
after giving one year for remedy of the breaches.
• By 2030, only educationally sound, multidisciplinary, and integrated teacher education
programmes shall be in force.
• All multidisciplinary universities and colleges – will aim to establish, education departments
will also run B.Ed. programmes, in collaboration with other departments such as psychology,
philosophy, sociology, neuroscience, Indian languages, arts, music, history, literature, physical
education, science and mathematics.
• All stand-alone TEIs will be required to convert to multidisciplinary institutions by 2030, since
they will have to offer the 4-year integrated teacher preparation programme.
• The admission to pre-service teacher preparation programmes shall be through suitable subject
and aptitude tests conducted by the National Testing Agency.
• All fresh Ph.D. entrants, irrespective of discipline, will be required to take credit-based courses
in teaching/education/pedagogy/writing related to their chosen Ph.D subject and will also have
a minimum number of hours of actual teaching experience.
• The use of technology platforms such as SWAYAM/DIKSHA for online training of teachers
will be encouraged.
• A National Mission for Mentoring shall be established, with a large pool of outstanding
senior/retired faculty who would be willing to provide short and long-term
mentoring/professional support to university/college teachers.
- EQUITABLE AND INCLUSIVE EDUCATION: LEARNING FOR ALL
• Focus on Socio-Economically Disadvantaged Groups (SEDGs)
• SEDGs can be broadly categorized based on:
o Gender identities (particularly female and transgender individuals),
o Socio-cultural identities (such as Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, OBCs, and
o Geographical identities (such as students from villages, small towns, and aspirational
o Disabilities (including learning disabilities), and
o Socio-economic conditions (such as migrant communities, low income households,
children in vulnerable situations, victims of or children of victims of trafficking,
orphans including child beggars in urban areas, and the urban poor).
• Separate strategies will be formulated for focused attention for reducing each of the categorywise gaps in school education.
• Within SEDGs, and with respect to all the above policy points, special attention will be given
to reduce the disparities in the educational development of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled
Tribes. As a part of the efforts to enhance participation in school education, special hostels in
dedicated regions, bridge courses, and financial assistance through fee waivers and
scholarships will be offered. (para 6.16)
• Regions of the country with large populations from educationally-disadvantaged SEDGs
should be declared Special Education Zones (SEZs), for additional concerted efforts.
• A ‘Gender-Inclusion Fund’ will be constituted to provide equitable quality education for all
girls as well as transgender students.
• Similar ‘Inclusion Fund’ schemes shall also be developed to address analogous access issues
for other SEDGs.
• Under the aegis of the Ministry of Defence, State Governments may encourage opening NCC
wings in their secondary and higher secondary schools, including those located in tribal
dominated areas. (para 6.17)
• Free boarding facilities will be built – matching the standard of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas
particularly for students who from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds.
• Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas will be strengthened and expanded to increase the
participation in quality schools (up to Grade 12)
• Additional Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas and Kendriya Vidyalayas will be built around the
country, especially in aspirational districts, Special Education Zones, and other disadvantaged
• Pre-school sections covering at least one year of early childhood care and education will be
added to Kendriya Vidyalayas and other primary schools around the nation, particularly in
• Schools/school complexes will be provided resources for the integration of children with
disabilities, recruitment of special educators with cross-disability training, and for the
establishment of resource centres
• Barrier free access for all children with disabilities will be enabled as per the RPWD Act.
• Assistive devices and appropriate technology-based tools, language-appropriate teachinglearning materials will be made available.
• NIOS will develop high-quality modules to teach Indian Sign Language, and to teach other
basic subjects using Indian Sign Language.
• As per the RPWD Act 2016, children with benchmark disabilities shall have the choice of
regular or special schooling. Resource centres in conjunction with special educators will
support the rehabilitation and educational needs of learners with severe or multiple disabilities.
• Knowledge of how to teach children with specific disabilities will be an integral part of all
teacher education programmes.
• One-on-one teachers and tutors, peer tutoring, open schooling, appropriate infrastructure, and
suitable technological interventions to ensure access can be particularly effective for certain
children with disabilities
• Alternative forms of schools, will be encouraged to preserve their traditions or alternative
pedagogical styles. At the same time, they will be supported to integrate the subject and
learning areas prescribed by the NCFSE into their curricula in order to reduce and eventually
eliminate the underrepresentation of children from these schools in higher education.
• All participants in the school education system, including teachers, principals, administrators,
counsellors, and students, will be sensitized to the requirements of all students, the notions of
inclusion and equity, and the respect, dignity, and privacy of all persons. (para 6.19)
• The school curriculum will include, early on, material on human values such as respect for all
persons, empathy, tolerance, human rights, gender equality, non-violence, global citizenship,
inclusion, and equity. It would also include more detailed knowledge of various cultures,
religions, languages, gender identities, etc. to sensitize and develop respect for diversity. (para
- EFFICIENT RESOURCING AND EFFECTIVE GOVERNANCE THROUGH
• The challenges of optimal utilization and sharing of resources will, by 2025, be addressed by
State/UT governments by adopting innovative mechanisms to group or rationalize schools,
such as, school complexes.
• Benefits of school complex include – improved support for children with disabilities, more
topic-centred clubs and academic/sports/arts/crafts events across school complexes, sharing of
teachers including use of ICT tools to conduct virtual classes, better student support,
enrolment, attendance, and performance through the sharing of counsellors
• To further enhance cooperation and positive synergy among schools, including between public
and private schools, the twinning/pairing of one public school with one private school will be
adopted across the country.
- STANDARD-SETTING AND ACCREDITATION FOR SCHOOL EDUCATION
• Independent responsibilities within the State school education system and the approach to
regulation are as follows:
o The Department of School Education will be responsible for overall monitoring and
policymaking for continual improvement.
o The educational operations and service provision for the public schooling system of
the whole State will be handled by the Directorate of School Education.
o An effective quality self-regulation or accreditation system will be instituted for all
stages of education including pre-school education – private, public, and philanthropic
- to ensure compliance with essential quality standards. States/UTs will set up an
independent, State-wide, body called the State School Standards Authority (SSSA)
which will establish a minimal set of standards. This information shall be selfdisclosed and will be made available on a public website maintained by the SSSA.
o Academic matters, including academic standards and curricula in the State will be led
by the SCERT (with close consultation and collaboration with the NCERT).
• The SCERT will develop a School Quality Assessment and Accreditation Framework
(SQAAF) through wide consultations with all stakeholders.
• Public and private schools(except the schoolsthat are managed/aided/controlled by the Central
government) will be assessed and accredited on the same criteria, benchmarks, and processes,
- REIMAGINING VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
• By 2025, at least 50% of learners through the school and higher education system shall have
exposure to vocational education
• Beginning with vocational exposure at early ages in middle and secondary school, quality
vocational education will be integrated smoothly into higher education.
• Every child to learn at least one vocation and exposed to several more.
• Sampling of important vocational crafts, such as carpentry, electric work, metal work,
gardening, pottery making, etc., as decided by States and local communities during Grades 6-
• A 10-day bagless period sometime during Grades 6-8 to intern with local vocational experts
such as carpenters, gardeners, potters, artists, etc.
• Similar internship opportunities to learn vocational subjects to students throughout Grades 6-
12, including holiday periods.
• Vocational courses through online mode will also be made available.
• Vocational education will be integrated in the educational offerings of all secondary schools
in a phased manner over the next decade. Towards this, secondary schools will also collaborate
with ITIs, polytechnics, local industry, etc. Skill labs will also be set up
- ADULT EDUCATION AND LIFELONG LEARNING
• An adult education curriculum framework will be developed by a new constituent body of the
NCERT that is dedicated to adult education
• The curriculum framework for adult education will include at least five types of programmes,
each with clearly defined outcomes:
o foundational literacy and numeracy;
o critical life skills (including financial literacy, digital literacy, commercial skills,
health care and awareness, etc.);
o vocational skills development
o basic education (including preparatory, middle, and secondary stage equivalency);
o continuing education (including engaging holistic adult education courses in arts,
sciences, technology, culture, sports, and recreation, etc.
• Use of schools/ school complexes beyond school hours and public library spaces for adult
education courses which will be ICT-equipped when possible and for other community
engagement and enrichment activities.
• Trained instructors/educators will be required to deliver the curriculum framework to mature
• Qualified community members including from Higher Educational Institutions to engage with
their local communities will be encouraged and welcomed to take a short training course and
• Quality technology-based options for adult learning such as apps, online courses/modules,
satellite-based TV channels, online books, and ICT-equipped libraries and Adult Education Centers, etc. will be developed.